The spiral horn of the unicorn was called alicorn. He was mentioned by the Greek historian and physician Ctesias, who said that the rulers of India were so afraid of being poisoned that they used alicorn to neutralize the alleged poisons in their food.
Unicorns are immortal. They live in solitude, usually in a forest near a backwater with clear water in which one can see a reflection – after all, they are a little conceited and know that there are no creatures as beautiful and magical in the world. Unicorns rarely pair up, and there is no more mysterious place than where the unicorn was born.
In the ancient world, he was considered a native of India, where he was depicted as a red-headed, with a white or black horn. Then he appeared in Babylon, China, Tibet, Greece. In the West, the apogee of his fame falls on the Middle Ages. The unicorn represents power, a force that opposes the forces of darkness, maintaining balance in the universe. It is a symbol of the sunbeam, purity, turning towards unity, towards the center. A spiral is a reminder of what remains unchanged in time. In addition, the unicorn is a symbol of transmutation, freedom and knowledge, it shows the way to those who seek the truth.
Many traditions speak of the unicorn as a mythical animal, personifying the supreme power of Being. He is clothed with mystery and embodies the original unity, the beginning and the ultimate goal of human existence, the unity of opposites and the ability to overcome internal contradictions, universal love and compassion.
In Babylon he was represented winged. On a cylinder amulet dating to about 1800 BC. e., on its opposite surfaces two unicorns are depicted, symbolizing the two sides of the Tree of Life. In the Sumerian-Semitic tradition, the unicorn is a lunar symbol, an attribute of the virgin goddesses.
In ancient China, a unicorn (qilin) is interpreted as a combination of two concepts: “qi” represents the masculine aspect, yang, the driving force, the energy of creation; “Tench” is the female principle, yin. Thus, qilin is a creative impulse and its endless expansion, as well as the unity of the opposites of masculine and feminine. Unicorn is shown to people only in exceptional cases.
He is considered the messenger of happiness, his appearance symbolizes the coming to power of a good ruler or the birth of a true sage. The appearance of cilin marked the birth and death of Confucius.
Qilin is associated with some historical moments of the Chinese tradition. So, once, 5 thousand years ago, Emperor Fu-si was sitting on the shore near the mouth of the Yellow River. Qilin suddenly appeared, and the dirty waters of the river brightened and became crystal clear green. Qilin stopped in front of the emperor, hit the rock three times with a hoof, and spoke to him with a voice ringing like a temple bell. When the qilin turned to leave, the emperor saw that his back was covered with magical signs, which he tried to copy. So the first written language of China appeared.
In Tibet, the unicorn is called “se-ru”, it is mainly a gazelle or doe, which lives on the mountain peaks. A unicorn is a bridge between Heaven and Earth, between the world of light principles and the world of dark and dense matter, manifest and unmanifest. The unicorn is a symbol of awakened consciousness, integrity and inner peace, it enlightens, shines in the dark and, like a morning star, shows the way, inspiring people in search of wisdom. On the pediments of the Himalayan monasteries, two unicorns that rotate the Dharma wheel are invariably depicted.
In India, a unicorn represents the power of spiritual wealth. He is both a destroyer and a creator. The unicorn symbol is found in Atharva Veda and in the Mahabharata in the myth of the flood, during which Manu tied the ship to the horn of a giant unicorn fish.
In Persia, a unicorn represents the fertilizing principle, strength and ability to purify. In the Persian manuscript of the XV century. it is said: “As for his horn, it seems golden, with its help all corruption and vileness will be destroyed and dispelled.”
In the Hebrew tradition, the legend says that when Yahweh asked Adam to give names to all the animals, the unicorn was the first to receive it, and thus he was elevated to the highest rank. When Adam and Eve were expelled from paradise, the Lord gave the unicorn a choice: to stay in Eden or to go with people. The unicorn chose the latter, and was forever blessed with compassion for the people.
In the Greco-Roman tradition, unicorn is an attribute of all virgin, moon goddesses, for example, Artemis (Diana).
In Christianity, the unicorn horn is a symbol of divine unity, spiritual power and nobility, in this regard, the unicorn becomes the image of Christ. The small growth of the unicorn is associated with the humility of Christ at his birth; its white color symbolizes purity, that which must be acquired by following the paths of the sons of God.
In chivalrous symbolism, a unicorn is associated with purity of feelings. The unicorn, followed by the Virgin, is the personification of chastity and purity. He often represents the knight’s devoted love for a lady. The unicorn also represents a rejection of physical love for the sake of purer and stronger love. It is a kind of charm of purity, a miraculous purification of bodily life and sexual energy, giving the knight strength and courage.
The alchemical unicorn represents the stage of purification, the White Doing. It means transmutation and spiritual evolution. His horn symbolizes the possibility of the penetration of the Spirit into Matter.
Along with the decline of faith, the deep meaning of the symbol of the unicorn gradually disappears. But the mythical animal, which has gained immortality in iconography and sacred texts, is present everywhere and is ready to open its message to those who are able to hear it.
Unicorn – Symbolizes chastity, and also serves as the emblem of the sword. In the early traditions, the unicorn was depicted with the body of a bull, in later traditions with the body of a goat and only in later legends with the body of a horse. Legend claims that he is indefatigable when persecuted, but dutifully lie down on the ground if a virgin approaches him. In general, it is impossible to catch a unicorn, but if it succeeds, then you can only keep it with a golden bridle.
“His back was bent and his ruby eyes shone, he reached 2 meters at the withers. A little higher than his eyes, almost parallel to the ground, a horn grew; straight and thin. His manes and tail were scattered in small curls, and black ones, which were unnatural for albinos, were black eyelashes cast fluffy shadows on pink nostrils “(S. Drugal” Basilisk “).
They feed on flowers, especially like rosehip flowers, and honey well fed, and drink morning dew.
They also look for small ponds in the depths of the forest in which they bathe and drink from there, and the water in these lakes usually becomes very pure and has the properties of living water. In the Russian “alphabet” 16-17 centuries. the unicorn is described as a terrible and invincible beast, like a horse, whose whole strength lies in the horn. Healing properties were attributed to the unicorn horn (according to folklore, the unicorn cleans water poisoned by a snake with its horn). A unicorn is a creature of another world and foreshadows happiness most often.
They say the horse of A. the Great, Bucephalus – the Unicorn.
There is also a legend that the legendary horse of Alexander of Macedon, Bucephalus is a Unicorn, captured in Egypt by order of Queen Cleopatra as a gift to the great king. Usually Unicorns do not live in captivity, and die, but Bucephalus obeyed Alexander.
A unicorn has the ability to purify water with its horn. Such his property is described in the Greek version of Physiologus: the water in the lake was poisoned by a snake and became poisonous. The unicorn made a cross on the water with its horn, and after that the animals were able to drink it. There is also a comparison of the unicorn with Christ, who cleanses from sin (poison) caused by the Devil (snake). They attributed the unicorn to the ability to recognize poison by the horn. The horn was covered with droplets of sweat as it approached the poison or the poisonous liquid began to boil when the horn was lowered into it. That’s why horn cups and bowls or shredded horn were so popular. It was believed that the horn had miraculous power. It was as if he cured of epilepsy, fever, and other diseases, prolonged youth and strengthened potency. No wonder it was expensive.
During the Renaissance, horn trade was carried out on a large scale. Even a small piece of it was assessed in a fortune; the horn was entirely priceless. By 1600, there were at least 12 horns in Europe. The enemy of the unicorn has long been considered an elephant. They always entered the fight, and usually ended up with the unicorn ripping the elephant’s belly. The unicorn also had a difficult relationship with the lion. But the lion could trap the unicorn: fleeing from the chase, he rushed to the tree and at the very last moment bounced to the side, the unicorn stuck its horn into the tree, and the lion could easily deal with it. The lion is called the king of beasts, but a unicorn can also claim this title. It was said that the unicorn lived in Eden and was on Noah’s ark. But some claimed that the unicorn and his female refused to step on the ark, and according to another legend, the male and female unicorns were so uncontrollable that Noah himself drove them away. Some sources reported that the unicorn drowned during the flood, while others, on the contrary, believed that he was saved by swimming. The unicorn left a noticeable mark in literature and in the art of the Middle Ages and Renaissance. Mention of him is found in books, he is depicted in illustrations, paintings, tapestries, on objects of worship, caskets, medallions. The cult of the unicorn reached its peak in the 15th century. From the second half of the 16th century, interest in him fades, but in the 20th century it revives again.
Man will never again be able to enjoy the beauty of the Unicorn.
But man will never again be able to enjoy the beauty of the Unicorn, as well as kill him, because the Unicorns have retired to their country, to a parallel world where no one can harm them anymore.
In the environmental center of Prato (Italy), a very real unicorn lives, discovered a few months ago in the forest. This is a roe male with a single horn in the middle of the forehead; in size, it just more or less corresponds to medieval descriptions.
The beast is alive, healthy and feels rather well, despite the keen interest of tourists. However, it’s not so difficult for him to hide from them on a hectare-sized park.
Other similar cases are mentioned in the story; if until recently, many indiscriminately considered them a hoax, now for skeptics there is clear evidence: there are unicorns.
The unicorn is an obvious choice when it comes to kawaii, it is a fantastic and elegant animal and very popular with girls and children. It is therefore not surprising to see the unicorn beast represented in a cute form either in drawing or in derived products such as soft toys, accessories or toys. Unicornterra...